ESR Facility - Department of Chemistry

Some Reference Books 

Pulse EPR methods 
• Principles of pulse electron paramagnetic resonance / Arthur Schweiger and Gunnar Jeschke, Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2001. 
General EPR Theory 
• Electron paramagnetic resonance : elementary theory and practical applications / John A. Weil, James R. Bolton, John E. Wertz., New York ; Chichester : Wiley, c1994 
• Principles of electron spin resonance / N.M. Atherton. New York : Ellis Horwood ; PTR Prentice Hall, 1993

• Introduction to Magnetic Resonance with Applications to Chemistry and Chemical Physics / Alan Carrington & Andrew D. Mclachlan, New York; Harper & Row, Publishers, 1967
• Electron paramagnetic resonance of transition ions / A. Abragam, B. Bleaney, New York : Dover Publications, 1986 
• Modern pulsed and continuous-wave electron spin resonance / edited by Larry Kevan, Michael K. Bowman, New York ; Chichester : Wiley, c1990 
• Foundations of modern EPR / Gareth R. Eaton, Sandra S. Eaton, Kev M. Salikhov., Singapore ; London : World Scientific, c1998
Selected Systems 
• Transition ion electron paramagnetic resonance / J.R. Pilbrow, Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1990 
• Electron paramagnetic resonance of exchange coupled systems / Alessandro Bencini, Dante Gatteschi, Berlin ; London : Springer-Verlag, c1990 
• Paramagnetic resonance of metallobiomolecules / Joshua Telser, editor; Washington, D.C. : American Chemical Society, c2003 
• Poole, C. Electron Spin Resonance a Comprehensive Treatise on Experimental Techniques, Editions 1,2: Interscience Publishers, New York, (1967), (1983). 



• The 40th Annual International Meeting of the Electron Spin Resonance Group of the Royal Society of Chemistry New College, Oxford 25-29 March 2007, see

For up and coming meetings see

Some Organizations 
ESR group of the Royal Society of Chemistry 
COST P15 - Advanced paramagnetic resonance methods in molecular biophysics
EPR newsletter of the international EPR (ESR) society 
ISMAR - International Society of Magnetic Resonance 
AMPERE - The Ampere Group 
IES - The International EPR (ESR) Society
EFEPR - European Federation of EPR groups 
The Larmor Letter

Databases and Software 
Spin-Trap Data Base (STDB) at NIEHS/NIH 

Bruker EPR Homepage
JEOL EPR Homepage

Extended Reference List 
1. Abragam, A. The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism: Clarendon Press, Oxford, International Monographs of Physics, 1961. 
2. Abragam, A., B. Bleaney. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Transition Ions: Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1970. 
3. Abragam, A., M. Goldman. Nuclear Magnetism: Order and Dis-order: Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1982. 
4. Aleksandrov, I.G. The Theory of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Academic Press, New York, 1966. 
5. Alekseev, B.F., Yu. V. Bogachev, V.Z. Drapkin, A.S. Serdjuk, N.B. Strakhov, S.G. Fedin. Radiospectroscopy of Natural Substances (by EPR and NMR): Norell, Mays Landing, New Jersey, 1991. 
6. Alger, R.S. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Techniques and Applications: Interscience (Wiley), New York, 1968. 
7. Al’tshuler, S.A., B.M. Kozyrev. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance: New York, 1964, C. P. Poole, Editor. 
8. Al’tshuler, S.A., B.M. Kozyrev. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance in Compounds of Transition Elements: 2nd Ed., Halsted, New York, 1974. 
9. Assenheim, H.M. Introduction to Electron Spin Resonance: Hilger and Watts, London, Hilger Monographs on ESR, 1960. 
10. Atherton, N.M. Electron Spin Resonance, Theory and Application: Halsted, New York, 1973. 
11. Atherton, N.M. Principles of Electron Spin Resonance: Ellis Horwood Ltd., Chichester, England, 1993. 
12. Atkins, P.W., M.C.R. Symons. The Structure of Inorganic Radicals (An Application of Electron Spin Resonance to the Study of Molecular Structure): Elsevier, Amsterdam, New York, 1967. 
13. Ayscough, P.B. Electron Spin Resonance in Chemistry: Methuen, London, Barnes and Nobel, New York, 1967. 
14. Bagguley, D.M.S., Editor. Pulsed Magnetic Resonance: NMR, ESR, and Optics: Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1992. 
15. Bass, A.M., H.P. Broida, Editors. Formation and Trapping of Free Radicals: Academic Press, New York, 1960. 
16. Bencini, A., D. Gatteschi. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Exchange-coupled Systems: Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1990. 
17. Benedek, G.B. Magnetic Resonance at High Pressure: Interscience, New York, 1963. 
18. Berliner, L.J., Editor. Spin Labeling: Theory and Applications: Academic Press, New York, 1976. 
19. Berliner, L.J., Editor. Spin Labeling II: Theory and Applications: Academic Press, New York, 1979. 
20. Bersohn, M., J.C. Baird. An Introduction to Electron Paramagnetic Resonance: W. A. Benjamin, New York, Frontiers in Chemistry, 1966. 
21. Bielski, B.H., J.M. Gebicki. Atlas of Electron Resonance Spectra: Academic Press, New York, 1967. 
22. Blinc, R. Magnetic Resonance and Relaxation: North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1967. 
23. Bloch, F., Editor. Spectroscopic and Group Theoretical Methods in Physics: North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam and Interscience (Wiley), New York, 1968. 
24. Blois, M.S. et. al., Free Radicals in Biological Systems: Academic Press, New York, 1961. 
25. Boyer, R.F., S.E. Keinath, Editors. Molecular Motion in Polymers by ESR: Harwood Academic Publishers, New York, 1980. 
26. Box, H.C. Radiation Effects: ESR and ENDOR Analysis: Academic Press, New York, 1977. 
27. Carrington, A., A.D. McLachlan. Introduction to Magnetic Resonance with Applications to Chemistry and Chemical Physics: Harper and Row, Chemistry Series, 1967. 
28. Caspers, W.J. Theory of Spin Relaxation: Interscience, New York, 1964. 
29. Clarke, R.H., Editor, Triplet State ODMR Spectroscopy: Wiley, New York, 1982. 
30. Cross, R.C., Editor. Molecular Relaxation Processes: Academic Press, New York, 1966. 
31. Dalton, L.R., Editor, EPR and Advanced EPR Studies of Biological Systems: CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1985. 
32. Dikanov S.A., Y.D. Tsvetkov. Electron Spin Echo Envelope Modulation (ESSEM) Spectroscopy: CRC Press, Bocaraton, 1992. 
33. Eaton G.R., S.S. Eaton. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance: in Ewing G.W., Editor. Analytical Instrumentation Hand-book: Marcel Dekker, New York, 1990. 
34. Eaton G.R., S.S. Eaton, K. Ohno. EPR Imaging and In VivoEPR: CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1991. 
35. Forester, A.R., J.M. Hay, R.H. Thomson. Organic Chemistry of Stable Free Radicals: Academic Press, New York, 1968. 
36. Foster, M.A., Magnetic Resonance in Medicine and Biolodgy: Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1984. 
37. Franconi, C. Magnetic Resonance of Biological Systems: Gordon and Breach, New York, 1971. 
38. Freed, J.H. Electron Spin Resonance in Annual Review of Physical Chemistry: H. Erying, C.J. Christensen, H.S. Johnston, Editors, Annual Reviews Inc., Palo Alto, CA, 1972, Vol. 23, pp 265-310. 
39. Freeman, A.J., R.B. Frankel. Hyperfine Interactions: Academic Press, New York, 1967. 
40. Gerson, F. High Resolution E.S.R. Spectroscopy: J. Wiley and Sons, London, Chemical Topics for Students, 1, 1970. 
41. Geschwind, S., Editor. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance: Plenum Press, New York, 1972. 
42. Goldberg, I.B., A.J. Bard. Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy; in Treatise on Analytical Chemistry: 10, 225: P.J. Elving - Editor (2nd Ed.); John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1983. 
43. Gordy, W. Techniques of Chemistry, Vol. 15, Theory and Applications of Electron Spin Resonance: John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1979. 
44. Griffith, O.H., A.S. Waggoner. Nitroxide Free Radicals: Spin Labels for Probing Biomolecular Structure: Accounts Chem. Res. 2, 17-24, 1969. 
45. Harriman, J.E. Theoretical Foundations of Electron Spin Resonance: Academic Press, New York, 1978. 
46. Hecht, H.G. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Wiley, New York, 1967. 
47. Hellwege, K., A. Hellwege, Editors. Magnetic Properties of Free Radicals: Springer, Berlin, 1967. 
48. Hershenson, H.M. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Electron Spin Resonance Spectra Index: 1958-63, Academic Press, New York, 1965. 
49. Hill, H.A.O., P. Day, Editors. Physical Methods in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry (ESR, NMR, Moessbauer): Wiley,New York, 1968. 
50. Holtzman, J.L., Spin Labeling in Pharmacology: New York, 1984. 
51. Hudson, R.P. Principles and Applications of Magnetic Cooling: North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, and American Elsevier Publishing Company, New York, 1972. 
52. Ikeya, M. New Applications of Electron Spin Resonance, Dating, Dosimetry, and Microscopy: World Scientific, Singapore, 1993. 
53. Ingram, D.J.E. Free Radicals as Studied by Electron Spin Resonance: Butterworths, London, 1958. 
54. Ingram, D.J.E. Biological and Biochemical Application of Electron Spin Resonance: Butterworths, London, 1958. 
55. Jost, P.C., A.S. Waggoner, O.H. Griffith. Spin Labeling and Membrane Structure, in Structure and Function of Biological Membranes: Rothfeld, Editor, Academic Press, New York, 1971. 
56. Kaiser, E.T., L. Kevan, Editors. Radical Ions: Interscience, New York, 1968. 
57. Kalmanson, A.E., G.L. Grigoryan. Spin Labels in EPR Investigation of Biological Systems, in Experimental Methods in Biophysical Chemistry: Nicolau, E., Editor Wiley, New York, 1973, pp 589-612. 
58. Keijzers, C.P., E.J. Reijerse, J. Schmidt. Pulsed EPR: A New Field of Applications: Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, 1989. 
59. Kevan, L., R.N. Schwartz, Editors. Time Domain Electron Spin Resonance: Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1979. 
60. Kevan, L., M.K. Bowman. Modern Pulsed and Continuous-wave Electron Spin Resonance: John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1990. 
61. Kevan, L., L.D. Kispert. Electron Spin Double Resonance Spectroscopy: John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1979. 
62. Kliava, J. EPR Spectroscopy of Disordered Solids: Zinatnepubl., Moscow, 1988 (in Russia). 
63. Knowles, P.F., D. Marsh, H.W.E. Rattle. Magnetic Resonance of Biomolecules: Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1976. 
64. Kundla, E., E. Lipmaa, T. Saluvere, Editors, Magnetic Resonance and Related Phenomena: Springer Verlag, Berlin,1979. 
65. Kwiram, A.L. Electron Nuclear Double Resonance in Annual Review of Physical Chemistry: Annual Review Inc.,Palo Alto, CA 1971, Vol. 22, pp 133-170. 
66. Kwiram, A.L. in Magnetic Resonance, M.T.P. Int. Rev. Sci. Phys. Chem. Ser. 2: C.A. McDowell, Editor, Butterworths Publication, London, 1972, Vol. 4, pp 271-316. 
67. Kurreck, Harry., Burkhard Kirste, Wolfgang Lubitz. Electron Nuclear Double Resonance Spectroscopy of Radicals in Solution: VCH Publishers, Inc., 1988. 
68. Lancaster, G. Electron Spin Resonance in Semiconductors: Hilger and Watts, London, 1966. 
69. Lebedev, Ya. S. Atlas of Electron Spin Resonance Spectra: Consultant Bureau, New York, 1963-1964. 
70. Lichtenstein, G.I. Spin Labeling Methods in Molecular Biology: Wiley Interscience, New York, 1976. 
71. Low, W. Solid State Physics, Vol 2: Supplement, Academic Press, New York, London, 1960. 
72. Low, W. Paramagnetic Resonance in Solids: Academic Press, New York, 1960. 
73. Low, W. Paramagnetic Resonance, Vol. 2: (Proceedings of the First International Conference held in Jerusalem), Academic Press, New York, London, 1963. 
74. Mabbs, F.E., D. Collison, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of d-transition Metal Compounds, in Studies in Inorganic Chemistry: Vol 16, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, 1992. 
75. McConnell, H.M., B.G. McFarland. Quart. Rev. Biophys., Vol. 3: 91-136, 1970. 
76. McDowell, C.A., Editor. Magnetic Resonance: MTP International Review of Science, Vol. 4, Butterworths, London, University Park Press, Baltimore, Physical Chemistry Series, 1972. 
77. McGlynn, S.P., Ti, Azumi, M. Kinoshita. Molecular Spectroscopy of the Triplet State: rentice-Hall, New York, 1969. 
78. McLachlan, A.D. Electron Spin Resonance: Harper and Row, New York, 1969. 
79. McLauchlan, K.A. Magnetic Resonance: Oxford University Press, Don Mills, Ontario, Oxford Chemistry Series, 1974. 
80. McMillan, J. Electron Paramagnetism: Reinhold, New York, 1960. 
81. McWeeny, R. Spins in Chemistry: Academic Press, New York, 1970. 
82. Manenkov, A.A., R. Orbach. Spin Lattice Relaxation in Ions Solids: Harper and Row, New York, Evanstown, London,1966. 
83. Memory, J.D. Quantum Theory of Magnetic Resonance Parameters: McGraw-Hill, New York 1968. 
84. Microwave and Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy - General Discussion of the Faraday Society: Aberdeen University Press, Aberdeen, 1950. 
85. Mims, W.B. The Linear Electric Field Effect in Paramagnetic Resonance: Oxford Press, Oxford, 1976. 
86. Minkoff, G.J. Frozen Free Radicals: Electron Spin Relaxation in Liquids, Plenum Press, New York, 1972. 
87. Molin, Yu N., K.M. Salikhov and K.I. Zamaraev. Spin Exchange - Principles and Applications in Chemistry and Biology: Springer Verlag, Berlin, New York, 1980. 
88. Muus, L.T., P.W. Atkins. Electron Spin Relaxation in Liquids: Plenum Press, New York, London, 1972. 
89. Myers, R.J. Molecular Magnetism and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1973. 
90. NMR and EPR, Selected Reprints: American Institute of Physics, New York. Nelson, S.F. in Free Radicals: J.K. Kochi, Editor, Wiley, New York, 1973, Vol. II, Chapter 21, pp 527-594. 
91. Norman, R.O.C., Editor. Specialist Periodical Reports. Electron Spin Resonance: The Chemical Society, Burlington House, London WIV OBN 1973 and following years.Ohnishi, S. The Spin Label Technique: Seibutsu Butsuri, Vol. 8, 118-129, 1968. 
92. Orton, J.W. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, An Introduction to Transition Group Ions in Crystals: Iliffe, London, 1968. 
93. Orton, J.W. Reports Progr. Phys. , 22, 204, 1959. 
94. O’Reilly, D.E., J.H. Anderson. Magnetic Properties: Reprinted from Physics and Chemistry of the Organic Solid State, Vol. II: Edited by D. Fox, M. Labes, and A. Weisberger. 
95. Owens, F.J., C.P. Poole, Jr., and H.A. Farach, Editors. Magnetic Resonance of Phase Transitions: Academic Press, New York, 1979. 
96. Pake, G.E. Paramagnetic Resonance: W.A. Benjamin, Inc.,New York, 1962. 
97. Pake, G.E., T.L. Estle. The Physical Principles of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance: Addison Wesley, Reading, Mass.,1974. 
98. Peisach, J., W.E. Blumberg. Electron Spin Resonance of Metal Complexes: Plenum Press, New York, 1969. 
99. Petrakis, L., J.P. Fraissaird, Editors, Magnetic Resonance: Introduction, Advanced Topics and Applications to Fossil Energy: NATO ASI Sries C124, Reidel, Dordrecht,1984. 
100. Pilbrow J.R., Transition Ion Electron Paramagnetic Resonance:Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1990. 
101. Poole, C.P. Electron Spin Resonance, A Comprehensive Treatise on Experimental Techniques: First Ed., Interscience Publishers, New York, 1967. 
102. Poole, C.P. Electron Spin Resonance, A Comprehensive Treatise on Experimental Techniques: Second Ed., J. Wiley, New York, 1983. 
103. Poole, C.P., H.A. Farach, Editors. Handbook of Electron Spin Resonance, Data Sources, Computer Technology, Relaxation, and ENDOR: AIP Press, New York, 1994. 
104. Poole, C.P., Editor. Magnetic Resonance Reviews, Vol. I: Gordon and Breach, New York, 1971. 
105. Poole, C.P., and H.A. Farach. Relaxation in Magnetic Resonance: Dielectric and Mossabauer Applications: Academic Press, New York, 1971. 
106. Poole, C.P., and H.A. Farach. The Theory of Magnetic Resonance: Wiley Interscience, New York, 1972. 
107. Rado, G.T., H. Suhl. Magnetism, Vol. II, Part A: Academic Press, New York, London, 1965. 
108. Ramsey, N.F. Nuclear Moments: John Wiley and Sons, New York, Chapman and Hall, Ltd., London, 1953. 
109. Ranby, B., J.F. Rabek. ESR Spectroscopy in Polymer Research: Springer, New York, 1977. 
110. Royal Society of Chemistry. Electron Spin Resonance - Specialist Periodical Reports, Vol. 1: Roy. Soc. Chem., London,1971. 
111. Rozantsev, E.G. Free Nitroxyl Radicals: Plenum Press, New York, 1970. 
112. Rozantsev, E.G., V.D. Scholle. Synthesis and Reactions of Stable Nitroxyl Radicals: Synthesis, 1971, pp 190-202. 
113. Salikhov, K.M., A.G. Semenov, D. Yu. Tsvetkov. Electron Spin Echo and its Applications: Novosibirsk, Nauka, 1976. 
114. Salikhov, K.A., Yu. N. Molin, R.Z. Sagdeev and A.L. Buchachenko. Spin Polarization and Magnetic Effects in Radical Reactions, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1984. 
115. Schoffa, G. Electronensprinresonanz in der Biologie: G. Braun, Karlsruhe, 1964. 
116. Schumacher, R.T. Introduction to Magnetic Resonance: Benjamin, New York, 1970. 
117. Schweiger, A., Pulsed Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy: Basic Priciples, Techniques, and Examples of Applications: Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 30, 265, 1991. 
118. Seitz, F., D. Turnbull, Editors. Solid State Physics, Advances in Research and Applications, Vol. 5: Academic Press,New York, 1957. 
119. Servant, R., A. Charru, Editors. Electronic Magnetic Resonance and Solid Dielectrics, Proceeding of the 12th Colloque Ampere: North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam,1964. 
120. Sixl, H., Festkoerperspektroskopie II - Resonanzspektroskopie: Hochschulverlag, Stuttgart, 1979. 
121. Sigel, H., A. Sigel. Metal Ions In Biological Systems: ENDOR, EPR, and Electron Spin Echo for Probing Coordination Spheres, Vol. 22: Marcel Dekker, Inc, New York and Basel, 1987. 
122. Skobel’tsyn, D.V., Editor. Quantum Electronics and Paramagnetic Resonance: Plenum Press, New York. 
123. Slichter, C.P. Principles of Magnetic Resonance: Harper and Row, New York, Evanstown, London, 1963. 2nd Edition, 
124. Springer Verlag, Berlin and New York, 1978. 3rd Edition 1989. 
125. Smidt, J., Editor. Magnetic and Electric Resonance and Relaxation, Proceedings of the 11th Colloque Ampere:Amsterdam, North Holland Publishing Co., 1963. 
126. Snipes, W., Editor. Conference on Electron Spin Resonance and the Effects of Radiation on Biological Systems: Gatlinburg, Tennessee, 1965, National Academy of Science, National Research council, 1965. 
127. Sorin, L., M.V. Vlasova. Electron Spin Resonance of Paramagnetic Crystals: Plenum Press, New York. 
128. Spaeth, J.-M., J.R. Niklas and R.H. Bartram. Structural Analysis of Point Defects in Solids, An Introduction to Multiple Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1982. 
129. Specialist Periodical Reports: Electron Spin Resonance: R.O.C. Norman (Ed. Vol. 1-3), The Chemical Society, London, P.B. Ayscough (Ed. Vol. 4). 
130. Speight J.G. The Application of Spectroscopic Techniques to the Structural Analysis of Coal and Petroleum: Applied Spectroscopy Reviews, 5, 211, 1971. 
131. Squires, T.L. An Introduction to Electron Spin Resonance: Academic Press, New York, 1964. 
132. Squires, T.L. Introduction to Microwave Spectroscopy: G. Newnev, London, 1963.
133. Standley, K.J., R.A. Vaughan. Electron Spin Relaxation Phenomena in Solids: Adam Hilger Ltd., London, 1969. 
134. Stepin, L.D. Quantum Radio-Frequency Physics: Translated by Scripta Technica, Inc., Edited by H.H. Stroke, MIT Press, Cambridge, 1965. 
135. Stoneham, A.M., Theory of Defects in Solids: Calrendon Press, Oxford 1975, Chapter 13. 
136. Strandberg, M.W.P. Microwave Spectroscopy: Wiley, New York, 1954. 
137. Sugano, S., Y. Tanabe, H. Kamimura, Multiplets of Transition-metal Ions in Crystals: Academic Press, New York, 1970. 
138. Swartz, H.M., J.R. Bolton and D.C. Borg, Editors. Biological Applications of Electron Spin Resonance: Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1972. 
139. Symons, M.C.R. Chemical and Biochemical Aspects of Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy: J. Wiley, New York, 1978. 
140. Symons, M.C.R. Electron Spin Resonance. Specialist Periodical Reports, Volumes 10 A,B: Royal Society of Chemistry, London, 1987. 
141. Talpe, J. Theory of Experiments in Paramagnetic Resonance: Pergamon Press, Oxford and New York, International Series of Monographs in Natural Philosophy, Vol. 33, 1971. 
142. Teh, F.Y., Editor. Symposium on Electron Spin Resonance of Metal Chelates: Cleveland, 1968, Electron Spin Resonance of Metal Complexes: Plenum Press, New York 1958. 
143. Townes, C.H., and A.L. Schawlow. Microwave Spectroscopy: McGraw-Hill, New York, 1955. 
144. Ursu, I. La Resonance Electronique: Dunod, Paris, 1968. 
145. Ursu, I. Resonata Electronic de Spin: (Bucuresti) Editura Academiee,Republicii Socialiste Romania ,1965. 
146. Ursu, I., Editor. Magnetic Resonance and Related Phenomena, Proceedings of the 16th Colloque Ampere: Acad.Socialist Repub. Romania, Bucharest, 1971. 
147. Van Gerven, L., Editor. Koninlijke Vlaamse Academie voor Wetenschappen, Proceedings of the 13th Colloque Ampere: North Holland, Amsterdam, 1965. 
148. Van Reijen, L.L. Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Pentavalent and Trivalent Chromium: Amsterdam, 1964. 
149. Varian Associates. Workshop on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance: Pergamon Press, New York, 1959. 
150. Vonsovskii, S.V., Editor. Ferromagnetic Resonance: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington, 1965. 
151. Waugh, J.S., Editor. Advances in Magnetic Resonance, Vol. 1: Academic Press, New York, 1965. 
152. Weil, John A., Editor, Electronic Magnetic Resonance of the Solid State: The Canadian Society for Chemistry, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 1987. 
153. Weil, John A., J.R. Bolton, and Wertz, J.E.. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, Elementary Theory and Practical Applications: Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1994. 
154. Weissbluth, M. The Triplet State in Molecular Biophysics: B. Pullman and M. Weissbluth, Editors, Academic Press, New York, 1965, p 205. 
155. Weissbluth, M., Phonon-Atom Interactions: Academic Press, New York, 1989, Chapter 3. 
156. Weltner, W.W. Jr. Magnetic Atoms and Molecules: Scientific and Academic Editions - Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1983. 
157. Wertheim, G.K., A. Hausmann, W. Sander. The Electronic Structure of Point Defect as Determined by Moessbauer Spectroscopy and by Spin-Spin Resonance: American Elsevier, New York, 1971. 
158. Wertz, J.E. Nuclear and Electronic Spin Magnetic Resonance: Chemical Reviews, Vol. 55, No. 5, October 1955. 
159. Wertz, J.E., J.R. Bolton. Electron Spin Resonance, Elementary Theory and Practical Applications: McGraw-Hill, New York, McGraw-Hill Series in Advanced Chemistry, 1972. 
160. Whiffen, D.H. Quarterly Reviews: London, Vol. 12, 250, 1958. 
161. Wilmhurst, T.H. Electron Spin Resonance Spectrometers: AdamHilger Ltd., London, momograph, 1967. 
162. Winter, J. Magnetic Resonance in Metals: Oxford University Press, 1971. 
163. Wyard, S.J. Solid State Biophysics: McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969. 
164. Yariv, A., Quantum Electronics: Wiley, New York, 1967, Chapter 8. 
165. Yen, T.F., Editor. Electron Spin Resonance of Metal Complexes: Plenum Press, New York, 1969. 
166. Yordanov, N.D., Electron Magnetic Resonance of Disordered Systems: World Scientific, Singapore, 1989. 
167. Yordanov, N.D., Electron Magnetic Resonance of Disordered Systems: World Scientific, Singapore, 1991. 
168. Zahlan, A.B., Editor. Excitons, Magnons and Phonons in Molecular Crystals: Beirut Symposium, 1968. 
169. Zahlan, A.B and others, Editors: The Triplet State, International Symposium on the Triplet State: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1967.